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解剖生肖人

Limbourg Brothers

The Anatomical Zodiac Man (L’Homme Anatomique ou L’Homme Zodiacal (1411-1416) “Tempera on vellum, 29 x 21 cm”[Musée Condé, Chantilly, France] — Limbourg Brothers (Dutch; fl. 1402 – 1416)

“看一下十二星座的星座。它们与身体的每一个部位相对应,从双鱼座开始,从脚部开始,一直到头部,白羊座,公羊,有神圣的含义。在每个上角都画着贝里公爵的手臂。每个区域都有四个拉丁文题词,根据四种肤色(热、冷、湿、寒、湿、燥)、四种气质(冷酷、忧郁、忧郁、悲凉、悲凉、痰多)和四种心形穴位来描述每个星座的属性。左上角的 “白羊座、狮子座、射手座为温润燥热、寒性、阳刚、阳刚、东方”;右上角的 “金牛座、处女座、摩羯座为寒性、燥性、忧郁、女性、西方”;左下角的 “双子座、水瓶座、天秤座为湿热、阳刚、阳刚、南方”;右下角的 “巨蟹座、天蝎座、双鱼座为寒性、湿性、痰性、女性、北方”。”

“Look at the signs of the zodiac. They correspond to each part of the body, starting with Pisces, the feet, and working up their way to the head, with Aries, the ram, that has sacred connotations. In each top corner are painted the arms of the Duke of Berry. Each area is complemented by four Latin inscriptions describing the properties of each sign according to the four complexions (hot, cold, wet or dry), the four temperaments (choleric, melancholic, sanguine and phlegmatic) and the four cardinal points: “Aries, Leo and Sagittarius are warm and dry, choleric, masculine, Eastern” in the upper left; “Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn are cold and dry, melancholy, female, Western” in the upper right; “Gemini, Aquarius and Libra are hot and humid, sanguine, masculine, Southern” in the lower left; “Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces are cold and wet, phlegmatic, feminine, Northern” in the lower right.”

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